What you should know about depression?

General information of Depression Depression - a disease of our time Studies worldwide show that depression, like cardiovascular disease, it is the most common disease of our time. It is a common disorder that affects millions of people. According to various researchers, it affects up to 20% of the population of developed countries. Depression - a serious disease that dramatically reduces the ability to work and brings suffering to both the patient and his relatives. Unfortunately, very few people are aware of the typical manifestations and consequences of depression, so many patients are assisted, when the state takes a long and severe, and sometimes - and is not. In almost all developed countries, health services are concerned about the situation and make efforts to promote information about depression and how to treat it. Depression - a disease of the whole organism.
Typical signs of depression The manifestations of depression are very diverse and vary according to the form of the disease. Here are the most common symptoms of the disorder: Emotional symptoms * Anguish, suffering, depression, depressed mood, despair * Anxiety, inner tension, the expectation of trouble * irritability * Feelings of guilt, self-blame frequent * Dissatisfaction, decreased self-confidence, self-esteem decline * A reduction or loss of ability to experience pleasure in previously enjoyable activities * Decline of interest in the surrounding * Loss of the ability to experience any feelings (in cases of major depression) * Depression is often associated with anxiety about health and the fate of loved ones, as well as the fear seem untenable in public places Physiological manifestations * Sleep disorders (insomnia, sleepiness)

 * Changes in appetite (its loss or overeating) * Violation of bowel function (constipation) * Reduction in sexual needs * Decreased energy, increased fatigue during normal physical and mental stress, fatigue * Various pain and discomfort in the body (for example, the heart, the stomach, muscle) Behavioral symptoms * Passive, involving difficulties in purposeful activity * Avoidance of contacts (the propensity for solitude, loss of interest to other people) * Rejection of entertainment * Alcoholism and substance abuse, giving temporary relief mental symptoms * Difficulty concentrating, concentration * Difficulty making decisions * Predominance gloomy, negative thoughts about yourself, about your life, about the world in general

 * Gloomy, pessimistic vision of the future with the lack of perspectives, thoughts of meaninglessness of life * Thoughts of suicide (in severe cases of depression) * The existence of thoughts about his own uselessness, insignificance, helplessness * Slow thinking For the production of "depression" diagnosis requires that a portion of these symptoms persisted for at least two weeks. Depression needs to be treated Depression is often perceived both by patients and by others as a manifestation of bad character, laziness and selfishness, immorality or natural pessimism. Keep in mind that depression - not just in a bad mood (see display above.), And disease, which requires the intervention of professionals and is well treatable. The earlier the correct diagnosis and proper treatment started, the better the chances for a quick recovery, that depression does not happen again and will take a severe form, accompanied by a desire to commit suicide. What usually prevents people from seeking help for depression?

 Often people are afraid to see a specialist in mental disorders because of the alleged negative consequences: 1) the possible social restrictions (registration with the ban on driving vehicles and travel abroad); 2) condemnation if someone finds out that the patient is treated by a psychiatrist; 3) fear of the negative impact of drug treatment of depression , based on what are widely used, but not the correct idea about the dangers of psychotropic drugs. Often, people do not have the necessary information and properly understand the nature of his condition. They think that if their condition is due to the understandable difficulties in life, it is not depression, but a normal human reaction, which takes place on their own. Often it also happens that the physiological manifestations of depression contribute to the formation of beliefs about the presence of serious systemic diseases. It is an occasion to refer to the general practitioner. 80% of depressed patients initially seek help from general practitioners, and the correct diagnosis is about 5% of them. Adequate therapy gets even fewer patients.

 Unfortunately, the usual reception in the clinic is not always possible to distinguish between physiological manifestations of depression and the presence of a true medical condition that leads to the formulation of misdiagnosis. Patients prescribed symptomatic therapy (medicines "to the heart", "stomach", the headache), but the improvement does not occur. There are thoughts about the difficult, unrecognized somatic disease, that the mechanism of the vicious circle leads to a weighting of depression. Patients spend a lot of time on the clinical and laboratory tests, and, as a rule, get to a psychiatrist already heavy, chronic manifestations of depression.